CfE : Using the E & Os

As I mentioned, I was delivering a workshop at the Pedagoo TMSLFringe last Saturday. Here is a variation on what I said — not least because it was different each time, and I received lots of great ideas and suggestions and questions from those kind enough to come and listen!

I took as my topic how I’m moving towards getting the learners to use the Curriculum Experiences and Outcomes for Literacy & English (and if you think that’s a mouthful, you should see the new URLs on the Education Website!). While the focus was based on my own classwork in English, many of the ideas I’ve been trying out have potential for other subject areas — not least because as you will see with my closing example, opening up the means of exemplifying what has been learned can lead to cross-curricular fertilisation that can be immensely rewarding.

Giving The Learners Ownership

As I said on the day, I take my starting point as being the need to give the learners ownership of their own learning. This means handing over the E&Os as soon as possible and is based on the following simple and obvious thought…

I sometimes feel that we as a profession have spent too long agonising over the E&Os — yet they do not exist for us. They are the property and right of the learner. Our role is to introduce, explain and exemplify them, and quite simply bring them to life for the learner. So, as I see it, the E&Os are simply the rules of the game…

As such, we need to teach the learners the rules so they can ‘play’ the game. (And yes, I am well aware of the potentially negative connotations of ‘playing the game’ — but no cynicism is intended or should be implied! 😉 )


What Do I Do?

In simple terms, I have changed the nature of the tasks I set… and this permeates my whole approach.

In a sense, I suppose I haven’t really changed the task as much as I could, but what I have done is consciously moved away from the old tasks I used to set — the ones that involved me teaching with a specific outcome in mind from the first lesson (usually an essay), and being disappointed when the learners didn’t just hand me back the notes I’d given them in the form of an essay. I now try to set tasks that have more of a potential for research and discovery, and that allow the learner to demonstrate his or her learning in the way s/he thinks most appropriate… It’s not as difficult as it sounds at this stage… the real fun comes later!

The key difference is this…

I genuinely have done everything I can to stop agonising about the assessment. My focus is on what is or can be learned… and even in this aspect, I am trying to stop myself from pointing the learners in specific directions. For me, this is where my skill and knowledge as a teacher come into play. My role is as a guide, or mentor, or critical friend, and absolutely not as a sage on the stage. This is not to say that I abandon the learners… quite the reverse… but it does mean I have to advise a direction for studying, and sometimes standing aside and letting the learner get it wrong, while being ready to help him or her reflect on why things didn’t work out. This is a challenging position to take, but I find it immensely rewarding. In short…

I cannot stress this enough… by all means, point learners in particular directions, encourage them by providing them with relevant resources, metaphorically hold their hands as they make the inevitable mistakes (or ‘Management Learning Points’ as an old boss of mine used to call them), but I also try to support them to draw on their existing skills and knowledge as they prepare to gather what they have learned into a format they can share…

If I ask for an essay, I’ll get an essay… and I’ll be really disappointed if it doesn’t do what I expect (see point above)… yet I cannot think when I last shared what I had learned by writing an essay. I am also struck by how limiting the essay as a format is for some things. I recall being told that I wasn’t allowed to include diagrams or pictures in an essay because — essentially — “it just wasn’t done”. Yet I am just as visually literate as I am with words, and more importantly, most of us are. It appears perverse to me to place artificial barriers on the sharing of learning, yet that is pretty much what we do all the time. As I said in my workshop, I keep coming back to The Barometer Problem. This is the possibly apocryphal story about Niels Bohr being asked to measure the height of a skyscraper using only a barometer. Rather than giving the expected ‘right’ answer, he gave several solutions all designed to illustrate his frustrations at his professors:

…teaching him how to think … rather than teaching him the structure of the subject.

If we ask closed questions, we get predictably dissatisfying closed answers. If we allow the learner to choose his or her own means of demonstrating what has been learned, we can be amazed and inspired… but this requires a great leap of faith but by shifting the focus from assessment to learning, we give ourselves and our learners something better…

We are given the freedom to learn, but for many there is an inevitable element of fear associated with this but we need to persevere. Remember, we too need to be ‘confident individuals’!

So to attempt to sum up my new approach, I am moving from…

I am much more receptive to receiving evidence of learning in formats that are non-traditional. Since adopting this approach, I have received presentations, essays, talks, songs (in response to WW1 poetry), posters, ‘graphic’ novels, and videos… and each of these have been looked at and reflected on against the E&Os… and you know what? They have come up pretty well. And this has given me the confidence to have faith in what I am teaching and also to use the E&Os with the learners to demonstrate evidence of good learning.

One More Thing

There is one other aspect of the work my classes are doing now that I want to share. I am emphasising one thing above all others…

I think it essential that pupils be proud of their work. They need to find something that they can take ownership of and that is evidence of something they have done well or better than they have before. This requires reflection and honesty on the part of the learner, and this is also where referring to the E&Os can be invaluable… when a learner sees something s/he has done referred to as an outcome it is a confirmation for him or her that their work has value and worth. Interestingly, pride can come form the simplest of things like correctly using paragraphs where previously there were none…

As I ask (challenge?) my classes, “What are you proud of in your work?”… and if the answer is nothing, “Then why are you bothering?”

Pulling it together

So… enough talking… what does this look like when it works? The best example generated by one of my learners so far came as the result of an open task that I set my S2 class. I simply asked the the question: What Is Beauty? Obviously, there was a little more to it than that, but you can see the whole preamble I gave the class on their blog (click HERE to find it).

A surprising number of the class gave me traditional essays. Some gave me presentations. And then one of the class handed me a DVD with the following presentation on it:

If you don’t want to watch the whole video, skip to 6:43 and see her conclusion. This is the section that the real David Cameron was talking about when he summed up the day last Saturday. I think it is one of the most moving and impressive pieces of homework I’ll ever be handed. But I am gradually realising that as I become more confident in finding evidence using the E&Os, and more importantly, as the learners do too, work like Eilidh’s is likely to be the norm rather than the truly exceptional.

There was much more said by me and those in my workshops on the day, but this post is already too long! Please use the comments to ask or suggest. Learning is a communal thing, so please add your voice here or on Pedagoo!

Cross posted at If You Don’t Like Change…

12 thoughts on “CfE : Using the E & Os

  1. Sarah

    Hey! I couldn’t make it to Pedagoo TMSLFringe last Saturday.
    But you have just made my evening something special!
    Thanks for sharing this and congratulations to Eilidh whose work is more powerful than most essays I have read………or written.

  2. Neil Post author

    No worries! Feel free to read through the lesson and ask any questions.

    I’ve already realised that I should have mentioned that after the initial prompt, the task was carried out as an extended homework exercise. After a couple of initial lessons, the class were then given a couple of weeks to “knock my socks off”. As you have seen, Eilidh managed to do just that!

    Incidentally, the video posted is the first draft and Eilidh was her own biggest critic. I pointed out slides that were too wordy, she spotted most of the other errors. We did have an interesting discussion over whether she should use conventional punctuation (capital letters and the like) or all lower case… Which moved the discussion from the realms of grammar into design!

  3. Colleen MacGregor

    Neil, I was at the TMSLFringe on Saturday but didn’t attend your workshop, I would have liked to have attended them all but being a newly qualified primary teacher I selected ones more specific to early years. However, I was interested to read your post and a colleague had recommended that I watch the video as it was very powerful. What a fantastic piece of homework it was and very powerful. I was, however, surprised to get to the end and see who it had been completed by as I know this girl!

  4. Joyce Hawkins

    What a powerful message in this video. DC was not kidding. I’m in tears now. A very talented young lady, you must be so proud to have engaged a young learner in such a way to create such a masterpiece . Congratulations.
    I’m in Primary and i’m always looking for new ways to engage the children in their learning to help prepare them for secondary. Our Endeavour project goes someway to do this and if you don’t mind I’ll share Eilidh’s video as an example of how there work can be shared with a bigger audience. Thank you for sharing your work.

  5. Anne-Marie Weston


    Just watched the video – WOW. A very powerful piece which as I was watching I was assuming would be by a senior pupil. What made it even more powerful was that it was created by a S2 pupil who has insight. Well done Eilidh and thank you Neil for sharing.


  6. David Cameron

    This just gets better every time. It was a superb session, one of many on the day. You brought a fantastic voice into the room which spoke volumes about what can be achieved and what young people can contribute. I am so flattered to have been allowed to be associated with this, and humbled. The message is clear though – close down the curriculum through over prescription and a manic compulsion for accountability and you shut down the potential of teachers and learners to achieve work as remarkable as this. We need frameworks and we need a clear sense of progression, but, as the great Stevie Wonder says, “superstition ain’t the way”. It sometimes feels that the belief in the generation of more and more extensive criteria and the magic of summative, external assessment is getting very close to superstition. Better to go with supportive frameworks, shared standards across a range of skills, understandings and knowledge established through dialogue, with trust, a belief in research and the value of practice and hope that we can, not only answer the question, “what is beauty”, but create the reality of it
    Thank you and thank Eilidh

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  8. Claudia Montgomery

    Powerful and very moving! It also reminds us as adults and practitioners that we have so much to learn from our children,if we just take time to listen to them !

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